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ICT Tenders: Government at work

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Government at work.

Government at work.

This week’s National Tender Bulletin is a lengthy affair, with a spread of opportunities covering all spheres of the ICT sector. However, the issue contains little to get the industry excited as the government addresses its more cursory requirements.

As a result, this week’s advertisements favour support and maintenance services, software updates and licensing, and capacity-increasing hardware requests. Those in the field of printing face disappointment this week as the normally steady flow of requests drops to just a single entry. Business continuity and disaster recovery solutions, meanwhile, continue to attract public sector interest, suggesting a developing trend in government prioritising risk management.

Department of Government Communication and Information System (GCIS)
GCIS is advertising for maintenance and support services of its building management system.
Tender no: RFB 012 2018 2019
Information: Rudzani Tshikhudo, George Storey or Lebogang Molayi, (012) 473 0130/0093/0143; rudzanit@gcis.gov.za, george@gcis.gov.zaor lebogangm@gcis.gov.za
Closing date: 8 March, 2019
Tags: Services, Support and maintenance

Department of Health, Limpopo
The supply, installation and configuration of a firewall solution is needed for the Limpopo Department of Health, with maintenance and support for period of one (1) year.
Tender no: RFB 1887-2018
Information: Technical: Shalati Mabunda, (015) 291 8133, shalati.mabunda@sita.co.za General: Brian Matemane, (015) 482 2543, brian.matemane@sita.co.za
Closing date: 8 March, 2019
Tags: Software, Security, Services, Support and Maintenance

The Independent Electoral Commission (IEC)
The IEC requires a storage (SAN) capacity upgrade.
Note: Bids received will be evaluated according to the criteria set out in the bid documentation, as provided for in the Preferential Procurement Regulations, 2017. All services providers that wish to render goods or services to the IEC must register on the National Treasury Central Suppliers’ Database (CSD) at www.csd.gov.za.
Tender no: IEC/ ICT-01/2019
Information: Technical: Libisi Maphanga or Siviwe Gwadiso, (012) 622 5473/5732, maphangal@elections.org.za or gwadisos@elections.org.za. General: Vincent Qwabe, (012) 622 5700.
Closing date: 11 March, 2019
Tags: Hardware, Storage

KwaZulu-Natal Liquor Authority
The authority requires a hosted digital voice communication system (VoIP). This bid is subject to the entity’s supply chain management policy and will be evaluated in terms of the Preferential Procurement Policy Framework Act (PPPFA) (Act of 2000), read with PPPFA regulation 2017.
Note: Bids may only be submitted on the bid document that is issued. Bids are to be completed in accordance with the conditions attached to the documents and must be sealed and endorsed with the relevant bid number. They must be deposited in the official tender box in the reception area at the KZN Liquor Authority’s office (1st Floor, Marine Building, 22 Dorothy Nyembe Street, Durban) no later than 12h00 on 18 March, 2019.
Compulsory briefing: 1 March, 2019
Tender no: KZNLA 09/2018/19
Information: Technical: Mthokozisi Cele, (031) 302 0669, mthokozisi.cele@kznlq.co.za. General: Bhekani Mncwango, (031) 302 0661, bhekani.mncwango@kznlqa.co.za
Closing date: 18 March, 2019
Tags: Software, Services, Cloud computing, VoIP

Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration (CCMA)
The CCMA requires a service provider for a Sage HR and payroll upgrade to Sage 300 People (including eRecruitment), SCM Accetech (BPM) for three (3) years.
Note: Bidders must arrange their own parking for the briefing session.
Compulsory briefing: 25 February, 2019
Tender no: CCMA/2018/19-ICT
Information: Renold Mokoena or Thulisa Mpumlo, (011) 377 6631/6823, RenoldM@ccma.org.za ThulisamM@ccma.org.za
Closing date: 8 March, 2019
Tags: Software, HR, Payroll

Department of Transport and Public Works, Western Cape
The transport department requires the installation and servicing of audio visual and maintenance of broadcasting systems and TV networks, including microwave transmission systems, for a period of three (3) years.
Tender no: S114/18
Information: Technical: Shahied Thomas, (021) 483 5172, shahied.thomas@westerncape.gov.za. General: Lavine Norkee, (021) 483 3957, lavine.norkee@westerncape.gov.za
Closing date: 19 March, 2019
Tags: Hardware, Audio Visual, Services, Telecommunications, Broadcasting, Support and maintenance

South African Revenue Service (SARS)
SARS is seeking to procure an integrated IT operations network troubleshooting tool, including maintenance and support services.
Note: The cut-off date for tender enquiries is 15 March, 2019.
Non-compulsory briefing: 26 February, 2019
Tender no: RFP 35/2018
Information: Tender office, (012) 647 9569, tenderoffice@sars.gov.za
Closing date: 18 March, 2019
Tags: Software, Networking, Services, Support and maintenance

South African Social Security Agency (SASSA)
SASSA requires renewal of Nintex licenses, including support and maintenance, for a one-year period.
Non-compulsory briefing: 26 February, 2019
Tender no: RFB 1816-2018
Information: Technical: Thembeka Mdwara, (012) 482 2780, thembeka.mdwara@sita.co.za. General: Malefa Mpitso, (012) 482 2983, malefa.mpitso@sita.co.za
Closing date: 11 March, 2019
Tags: Software, Software licensing, Services, Support and maintenance

Dube TradePort Corporation (DTPC)
DTPC requires the services of a service provider to provide design, supply, maintenance and support services for three (3) years. The services must include, but are not limited to:
* Computer resources and storage infrastructure
* Development and testing workloads
* Disaster recovery
* Backup storage
* Archive solution
* Professional services, maintenance and support
* Migration and integration into Dube iConnect Services, and
* Licensing.
In line with PPPFA regulations, 2017 sub regulation 4(1), the prequalification criteria for this bid is that only companies who meet the following requirements are eligible to tender:
i) Bidders with B-BBEE Level 1 or 2; or,
ii)Subcontracting 40% to a Black EME or QSE company.
Bids submitted by companies not meeting one of the above requirements will not be accepted.
Note: All proposals will be evaluated in various stages – compliance and functionality will be assessed and thereafter all responsive proposals will be evaluated in accordance with PPPFA regulations 2017, using the 80/20 preference points system.
Compulsory briefing: 26 February, 2019
Tender no: DTP/RFP/33/CEO/11/2018
Information: Vanishree Naidoo, (032) 814 0096, fax (032) 814 0102, tenders@dubetradeport.co.za
Closing date: 11 March, 2019
Tags: Hardware, Software, Services, Security, Disaster recovery, Storage, Consulting

The DTPC is also looking for service providers to provide leased, managed printing services for three (3) years. The services will include, but will not be limited to, the following:
* Supply and installation of nine leased multi-functional and one high-volume printing machines
* Maintenance and support.
* In line with the PPPFA regulations, 2017 sub reg. 4 (1), the prequalification criteria are that only companies that are sub-contracting a minimum of 40% to Black EME/QSE companies are eligible to tender for this bid.
Note: All proposals will be evaluated in various stages – compliance and functionality will be assessed and thereafter all responsive proposals will be evaluated in accordance with the PPPFA regulations 2017, using the 80/20 preference points system.
Compulsory briefing: 26 February, 2019
Tender no: DTP/RFP/27/CEO/10/2018
Information: Vanishree Naidoo, (032) 814 0096, fax (032) 814 0102, tenders@dubetradeport.co.za
Closing date: 11 March, 2019
Tags: Hardware, Services, Printing, Support and maintenance

Education, Training and Development Practices (ETDP) SETA
Terms of reference are sought for the appointment of a service provider to supply ETDP SETA with servers for its provincial offices.
Note: Any enquiries regarding this bid must be in writing only and be directed to tenderers@etdpseta.org.za
Tender no: SCMU: 28-2018/19
Information: Technical: Sibusiso Kutshwa, SibusisoK@etdpseta.org.za. General: Velile Msane, tenderers@etdpseta.org.za
Closing date: 11 March, 2019
Tags: Services, Consulting, Hardware, Servers

Gauteng Provincial Treasury
The Gauteng Provincial Treasury is looking for specifications for an automated supplier statement reconciliation system for three (3) years.
Tender no: GT/GPT/013/2019
Information: Technical: Fanie Hanekom, (011) 689 6627, fanie.hanekom@gauteng.gov.za General: Pauline Rapodile, (011) 689 6179, manare.rapodile@gauteng.gov.za
Closing date: 8 March, 2019
Tags: Services, Software

Bids are invited for the automation of annual financial statements for Gauteng provincial government departments.
Tender no: GT/GPT/016/2019

Information: Technical: Xoliswa Nodada, (011) 241 0642, Xoliswa.Nodada@gauteng.gov.za. General: Wilson Mudau, (011) 689 6142, fax 086 421 2924, wilson.mudau3@gauteng.gov.za. Tender enquiries: Jaco Smit, (011) 689 6058, or Lenard Billings, (011) 689 6416, tender.admin@gauteng.gov.za
Closing date: 8 March, 2019
Tags: Software, Automation

Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA)
ICASA is looking for an integrated business and IT service continuity solution, with fully integrated offsite data backup and protection, for a five-year period.
Note: The bid will be evaluated on submission of the required documents, functionality and on the PPPFA preference points system. Only bidders who meet the cut-off score of 80 points for functionality will be considered further for price evaluation. The bid will be evaluated on 80/20 preference points system.
Compulsory briefing: 4 March, 2019
Tender no: ICASA 01/2019
Information: Samuel Siziba, (012) 568 3629, ssiziba@icasa.org.za
Closing date: 18 March, 2019
Tags: Services, Software, Business continuity, Security, Disaster recovery

Road Traffic Management Corporation (RTMC)
The RTMC requires provision of driver simulators.
Non-compulsory briefing: 25 February, 2019
Tender no: RTMC BID 21/2018/19
Information: Bidadmin@rtmc.co.za
Closing date: 12 March, 2019
Tags: Software

State Information Technology Agency (SITA)
SITA is advertising for SAP system support and training for Magalies Water.
Tender no: RFB 1796-2018
Information: Mantsie Mabiletsa, (012) 482 2655, mantsie.mabiletsa@sita.co.za
Closing date: 8 March, 2019
Tags: Software, Services, Support and Maintenance, Training

SITA is also looking for Trend Micro licenses for the Office of the Premier, North West province, including maintenance and support for a three-year period.
Tender no: RFB 1791-2018
Information: Mantsie Mabiletsa, (012) 482 2655, mantsie.mabiletsa@sita.co.za
Closing date: 8 March, 2019
Tags: Software, Software licensing

State Information Technology Agency
SITA wishes to establish a two-year contract for licensing, maintenance and support for Veritas products for the South African Police Service (SAPS).
Tender no: RFB 1888-2018
Information: Wezi Pityana, (012) 482 2704, weziwe.pityana@sita.co.za
New closing date: 1 March, 2019
Tags: Software, Software licensing, Security, Services, Support and Maintenance

SITA is advertising for the establishment of a two-year contract for licensing, maintenance and support for Symantec products for the SAPS.
Tender no: RFB 1889-2018
Information: Wezi Pityana, (012) 482 2704, weziwe.pityana@sita.co.za
New closing date: 1 March, 2019
Tags: Software, Software licensing, Security, Services, Support and Maintenance

Department of Public Service and Administration
The appointment of a service provider to render maintenance of the electronic security systems at the DPSA for a period of two (2) years.
Tender no: DPSA001/2018

Safety and Security Education and Training Authority (SASSETA)
The procurement of a record management solution for SASSETA until 31 March, 2020.
Tender no: RFP/SASSETA/201819124

Department of Defence
Supply and delivery of digital scanners.
Tender no: CPSC-B-G-087-2017
Successful bidder: Mercy Seats Projects
Value: R1 425 127

Gauteng Growth and Development Agency
The supply of a telephone management system and maintenance of voice over internet protocol (VoiP) at the Automotive Industry Development Centre’s multiple sites.
Tender no: AIDC_T10_2018/19
Successful bidder: Vox Telecommunications
Value: R1 249 661

National Home Builders Registration Council
Request for proposals: the appointment of a service provider to provide management information security services for a two-year period.
Tender no: NHBRC 10/2018
Successful bidder: Data Tegra (Pty) Ltd
Value: R2 488 328

Request for proposals: the appointment of a service provider for technical and functional support for the implemented SAP solution for a three-year period.
Tender no: NHBRC 02/2018
Successful bidder: Nambiti Technologies (Pty) Ltd
Value: R14 094 491

The Independent Electoral Commission
Contact Centre.
Tender no: IEC/COM-04/2018
Successful bidder: Gijima Holdings (Pty) Ltd
Value: R24 371 076

Maintenance and repair services.
Tender no: Not disclosed
Successful bidder: Sizwe IT Group (Pty) Ltd
Value: R4 500 000

Provision of enterprise services
Tender no: Not disclosed
Successful bidder: Microsoft
Value: R19 528 843

Maintenance and repair services of the electoral commission’s Zip-Zip (eZipskan) scanner units.
Tender no: Not disclosed
Successful bidder: Sizwe IT Group (Pty) Ltd
Value: R4 500 000

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Vienna opera house stages first opera by woman

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Kate Lindsey as OrlandoImage copyright
Wiener Staatsoper/Michael Pöhn

Image caption

Kate Lindsey will play the title role of Orlando

For the first time in its 150-year history, the Vienna State Opera is staging an opera by a woman.

Austrian composer Olga Neuwirth has written a new opera based on Virginia Woolf’s 1928 novel Orlando which deals with themes of gender fluidity and duality.

The title role is played by the singer Kate Lindsey.

Orlando lives for centuries, beginning as a man in Elizabethan England and then changing into a woman.

Image copyright
Wiener Staatsoper/Michael Pöhn

Image caption

The story by Virginia Woolf has been updated for the 21st Century

Olga Neuwirth says androgyny and the rejection of gender stereotypes have inspired her ever since she first read Woolf’s novel as a teenager.

“Not only is it a journey through centuries, but it is a journey of constant questioning of imposed norms by society, and society is made by man,” she told the BBC.

Olga Neuwirth

Wiener Staatsoper/Michael Pöhn

Orlando, for all of us, should be a symbol of freedom, humanity and freedom of opinion, but in a very playful and ironic way – which I like so much

“Each human being is allowed to choose what they feel is inside them,” she said. “There is no binary role model anymore.”

Conductor Matthias Pintscher says the ‘in-betweenness” of the story of Orlando is reflected in the music.

“She is mixing it all up,” he said. “We have a traditional orchestra in the pit. On top of that we have three keyboards, a jazz band and a lot of pre-recorded samples that interestingly, beautifully blend into the texture of the live instruments.”

Olga Neuwirth says “it feels a little bit strange” to be the first female composer to have a work staged at the Vienna State Opera.

The opera house cancelled her previous attempt to put on an piece with a libretto by the Nobel Prize winning author Elfriede Jelinek.

Image copyright
Wiener Staatsoper/Michael Pöhn

Image caption

The opera has special significance for Justin Vivian Bond, who plays Orlando’s child

“One hundred and fifty years is a long time. But I’ve always said it’s never too late. So it’s good that they finally have thought about it. And at least if you’re the first, there has to be a second and a third and so on. So it’s always good to have a starting point.”

The costumes are by another woman, designer Rei Kawakubo, of Commes des Garçons.

The story has been brought up into the 21st Century.

For transgender and trans-genre artist Justin Vivian Bond, who plays the role of Orlando’s child, this opera has a personal significance.

“Conceptually, I am the legacy of what the novel Orlando began to express about gender and transgression and about the difference between what it’s actually like to be a man or a woman, if indeed there is that much of a difference,” said Bond.

“And since I’m a non-binary person who’s trans-feminine, I guess you could say I am happily stepping into a moment and I’m the sort of representation of where we’ve come.”

You may also be interested in:

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Media captionLucia Lucas tells the BBC what it’s like to be a transgender opera singer but still have to play male roles

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‘I Have Told Everything,’ Whistle-Blower in China Crackdown Says

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LONDON — A Uighur woman living in the Netherlands said on Saturday that she helped publicize secret Chinese government documents that shed light on how Beijing runs mass detention camps holding Muslim ethnic minorities.

She recounted how she lived in fear after she and her former husband received death threats and were contacted by Chinese security officers while journalists were preparing to report on the documents.

Asiye Abdulaheb, 46, said in a telephone interview that she was involved in the release of 24 pages of documents published by Western news outlets last month, and was speaking out now to protect herself and her family from retaliation.

The documents, obtained by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists and examined by journalists around the world, followed an earlier leak of 403 pages of internal papers to The New York Times that described how the authorities created, managed and justified the continuing crackdown on one million or more ethnic Uighurs and Kazakhs.

A Dutch newspaper, De Volkskrant, first reported on Ms. Abdulaheb’s role in the dissemination of that second set of documents, based on interviews with her and her ex-husband, Jasur Abibula. Both are Dutch citizens who have lived in the Netherlands since 2009, and they have a 6-year-old daughter and an 8-year-old son.

Ms. Abdulaheb said in an hourlong interview with The Times that she had decided to speak out in the hopes that the publicity would dissuade the Chinese authorities from seeking to harm her or her family.

She said they already knew she had the documents, and she had told Dutch police officers about her situation. She added that the danger became evident after her husband returned from a trip to Dubai in mid-September during which Chinese security officers told him about the documents, interrogated him about Ms. Abdulaheb and tried to recruit him to spy on her.

“I thought that this thing has to be made public,” she said. “The Chinese police would definitely find us. The people in Dubai had told my ex-husband, ‘We know about all your matters. We have a lot of people in the Netherlands.’”

Ms. Abdulaheb, who speaks Mandarin, said she had worked in government offices in Xinjiang, a vast northwestern region of China where the official crackdown on Muslims has taken place, but declined to go into details.

In the interview Saturday, she confirmed that she received and helped leak the 24 pages, but she declined to explain who had sent her the documents. She said Chinese officers had told Mr. Abibula they wanted to find out who had passed her the material.

The Times was part of the group coordinated by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, an independent nonprofit based in Washington, that reported on the second set of leaked documents on Xinjiang.

Ms. Abdulaheb said someone had electronically sent her the 24 pages of internal Chinese documents in June.

“When I got the documents and looked at them, I concluded this was very important,” she said. “I thought the best thing to do was to put them out publicly.”

After she posted a screenshot of one page of the documents on Twitter, hoping to draw attention, a German researcher on Xinjiang, Adrian Zenz, and another expert on the region reached out to her. They then put her in touch with a journalist, she said.

The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists later partnered with 17 other organizations including The Times to publish revelations on internment camps based on the 24-page set of documents.

That article came a week after The Times published a report based on 403 leaked pages that shed light on the origins and expansion of the crackdown in Xinjiang. The Times report said the source of its documents was a member of the Chinese political establishment who requested anonymity.

In a statement Saturday, the consortium declined to say whether Ms. Abdulaheb was the source for its report. “ICIJ does not comment on its sources,” it said. It also reported that Mr. Zenz said Saturday that he did not give the documents to ICIJ.

The two exposés sharpened international debate over the Chinese government’s intense crackdown across the region. Since 2017, the Chinese Communist Party has overseen a wave of mass detentions in Xinjiang, driving one million or more members of largely Muslim minority groups, especially Uighurs, into indoctrination camps intended to drastically weaken their Islamic beliefs and their attachment to the Uighur language, and make them loyal to the party.

Initially, Chinese officials brushed away questions and reports about the detentions. But late last year, Beijing shifted its response: The Chinese authorities have since acknowledged the existence of the program, but defended the camps as job-training centers that teach the Mandarin Chinese language and practical skills, and that also warn people of the dangers of religious extremism.

Earlier this year, senior officials in Xinjiang said that many people had been released from the centers, but gave no clear numbers to back up that assertion, which has been met with widespread skepticism among foreign experts and Uighurs abroad.

In past decades, tensions between largely Muslim ethnic minorities and China’s Han ethnic majority in Xinjiang have occasionally erupted in violence. About half the region’s population is made up of minority groups, including 11.7 million Uighurs and 1.6 million Kazakhs. Both groups’ languages and cultures set them apart from Han people.

In 2009, the year Ms. Abdulaheb left China, ethnic rioting erupted in Urumqi, the regional capital of Xinjiang, and nearly 200 people were killed, most of them Han, according to government reports. China has cited that bloodshed and a succession of subsequent attacks on Han targets to defend its tough policies in Xinjiang.

The leaks have challenged the official Chinese position by revealing the coercive underpinnings of the camps, and by hinting at dissent within the Chinese political system over the harsh policies in Xinjiang. Chinese government spokesmen and official media outlets have denounced the reports, calling them “fake news” and claiming they were part of a conspiracy to undermine stability in the region.

In the Netherlands, Ms. Abdulaheb discovered that several of her social media accounts and a Hotmail account were hacked after she posted the tweet in June with the excerpt from the documents.

She said she also got a message written in Uighur on Facebook Messenger that said, “Stop it, otherwise you’ll end up cut into pieces in the black trash can in front of your doorway.”

“That made me scared,” she said.

Ms. Abdulaheb’s description of harassment and threats could not be independently verified. Still, her account fit a pattern that other Uighurs abroad have described. They have also recounted threats and pressure coming from China to remain silent or provide information to agents.

Despite such threats, growing numbers of Uighurs and Kazakhs have spoken out, often using Twitter and Facebook to publicize family members in Xinjiang who have disappeared, possibly into re-education camps or prisons. A Uighur-American woman in the Washington area, Rushan Abbas, told The Times about family members who had gone missing after she had spoken publicly about the camps.

In an interview Saturday, Mr. Zenz, the researcher, said that for Ms. Abdulaheb, “going public makes her safer” from potential retaliation.

“So if something happens to her now, it will become a new story,” Mr. Zenz said. “Silence would have been so much worse.”

Ms. Abdulaheb said she felt relieved to have revealed her identity.

“I have told everything,” she said. “My mind is calm now.”

Edward Wong reported from Washington, and Elian Peltier and Claire Moses reported from London.

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Hundreds Will Spend the Night in Sleeping Bags on Times Square

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In Britain, men and women who have nowhere to live except sidewalks and parks are known as rough sleepers. In the United States, those in similar circumstances are called street homeless.

Whatever the term, there are people everywhere living under such conditions, creating what Josh Littlejohn described as a crisis that all countries have an obligation to address.

As his own step toward doing that on a global scale, Mr. Littlejohn, the owner of a chain of Scottish sandwich shops and an advocate for providing jobs, shelter and housing for people who need them, has organized an event for Saturday called the World’s Big Sleep Out.

Thousands of people have agreed to sleep outside overnight in at least 50 cities, including New York, London and New Delhi, to raise awareness of the problem of homelessness and the need for money to fight it.

Like many who take part in charity walks or runs, participants in Mr. Littlejohn’s event have collected pledges for donations from supporters.

In New York, about 900 people have committed to spending the night in sleeping bags in Times Square, surrounded by the area’s pulsating lights and neon signs. The actor Will Smith is scheduled to read a “bedtime story” to the crowd, and the actor Brian Cox is set to be a guest speaker.

There will be star power in other major cities. The musicians Jake Bugg and Tom Walker will perform and the actress Helen Mirren will read to participants in Trafalgar Square in London. Ziggy Marley, Ellie Goulding, Meghan Trainor and Sean Kingston will entertain those taking part at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, Calif.

The sleep out, Mr. Littlejohn emphasized, was “in no way an emulation of actually being homeless.” But, he added, those who spend the night outside would “undoubtedly leave with a different sense of perspective and a heightened sense of compassion.”

There are an estimated 3,900 homeless people living on New York City’s streets. Just how dangerous such a life can be was underscored in October, when four homeless men were bludgeoned to death as they slept on the sidewalks of Chinatown in Manhattan. The accused killer, a 24-year-old man, was homeless himself.

Mr. Littlejohn has set a fund-raising target of $50 million for his event. Half of the money would go to nonprofit groups that deal with homelessness in the communities where the donations come from, like the Coalition for the Homeless in New York.

The other half is to go to charities around the world like UNICEF that help people displaced not only by extreme poverty, but also by armed conflict and natural disasters.

The sleep out will be followed by a political drive led by the Institute of Global Homelessness, an advocacy group with a goal of eliminating unsheltered homelessness in 150 cities and countries by 2030. The group plans to work with governments in different countries to come up with ways of addressing the problem.

Louise Casey, a former British government official with expertise in social services, is the institute’s chairwoman. When Tony Blair was Britain’s prime minister, he appointed Ms. Casey as the country’s “homelessness czar.”

She said she was disheartened by the rising number of people living on the street in Britain and elsewhere. She recently visited California, where an increase in income inequality and a lack of affordable housing have combined to push many people into homeless encampments.

“I was shellshocked,” Ms. Casey said. “What in God’s name is happening here? I’ve never seen anything like it, and I’ve been to every continent.”

Mr. Littlejohn, 33, said he had no idea that he would become interested in finding international solutions to homelessness when he opened Social Bite, an Edinburgh sandwich shop, about seven years ago.

Pete Hart, a rough sleeper who hawked The Big Issue, a magazine meant to give homeless people a way to make money without panhandling, was a fixture in front of the shop.

“He came into the cafe and he sort of plucked up the courage and he asked us if he could have a job,” Mr. Littlejohn said.

After Mr. Hart began working in the kitchen, he told Mr. Littlejohn that his brother Joe also lived on the street and needed a job.

Mr. Littlejohn was soon employing both brothers and their friends. He was also feeding up to 50 people a day, asking customers to “pay it forward” by buying meals that could be given to homeless people.

In 2016, in an early version of the event on Saturday, Mr. Littlejohn persuaded about 270 Scottish business leaders to sleep overnight in an Edinburgh park to call attention to the problem. Last year, with land that had belonged to the City of Edinburgh, Social Bite opened about a dozen small homes as stable housing for people who had lived on the streets.

Joe Hart, 30, works in construction now and is no longer homeless. He said he found it hard to believe that asking for a job at the sandwich shop years ago had wound up making him a part of an international campaign to raise money and awareness for trying to end homelessness.

He recalled his own life on the streets and how poorly some passers-by had treated him. “People look down on you,” he said, adding that some of them would even “be spitting on you.”

Mr. Hart said he hoped that Mr. Littlejohn’s campaign would make the public more sympathetic.

“It’s not everyone’s choice to end up on the street,” he said. “It’s not a choice to end up like that.”

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